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How To Avoid A "Catfish" Relationship Scam

Valentine's Day is an opportune time for scammers who want your cash, not your love.

Submitted by the Better Business Bureau

Valentine’s Day is a day for romance, but it can also be an opportune time for scammers to take advantage of those looking for love online.

Better Business Bureau is urging consumers to proceed with caution before letting their hearts – and their money – get stolen. Perhaps you’ve seen the documentary “Catfish,” or the MTV reality show of the same name. The Urban Dictionary defines a catfish as “someone who pretends to be someone they’renot using Facebook or other social media to create false identities, particularly to pursue deceptive online romances.”

Relationship scams can happen to anyone. You meet a great person online, everything seems to be going great but you aren't able to meet yet for some reason (distance, militarydeployment, work travel, etc.). Suddenly your online love interest has an emergency and asks you to wire money. If you do, he or she may continue to find more reasons to ask for money from you…or may disappear. Sometimes the catfish’s victim is asked to receive funds from the victim of another scam and rewire it to the catfish. 

BBB and Western Union have partnered to offer consumers tips on how to avoid scams.

Here are some ways to stay safe from relationship scams: 

  • Be on your guard. Only send money to people you have met in person. Be especially cautious with people you meet online, even if you correspond with them via email or phone.
  • Be especially wary of anyone who asks you to leave the dating website immediately tocontinue your conversation through email or IM, as this allows fraudsters to carry out theirscam without the dating site having a record of your encounter.
  • Be cautious if someone claims to be local but is currently out of the country. Fraudsters could be operating from overseas, making it more difficult for authorities to trackthem down.
  • Never give your banking information to people that you have not met in personor businesses that you don’t know. Always verify every emergency situation before sending money. Fraudsters can tricktheir victims in a variety of ways.
  • Sometimes they instantly express feelings of love andother times they lead their victims on for a while. No matter how much your relationshipmight seem like the real thing, you should be suspicious if someone starts asking forinformation like credit card, bank or government ID numbers or to send money. 

For more information on scams, check out BBB Scam Stopper at www.bbb.org/scam.

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